Mandalika's scratchpad [ Work blog @Oracle | Stock Market Notes | My Music Compositions ]

Old Posts: 09.04  10.04  11.04  12.04  01.05  02.05  03.05  04.05  05.05  06.05  07.05  08.05  09.05  10.05  11.05  12.05  01.06  02.06  03.06  04.06  05.06  06.06  07.06  08.06  09.06  10.06  11.06  12.06  01.07  02.07  03.07  04.07  05.07  06.07  08.07  09.07  10.07  11.07  12.07  01.08  02.08  03.08  04.08  05.08  06.08  07.08  08.08  09.08  10.08  11.08  12.08  01.09  02.09  03.09  04.09  05.09  06.09  07.09  08.09  09.09  10.09  11.09  12.09  01.10  02.10  03.10  04.10  05.10  06.10  07.10  08.10  09.10  10.10  11.10  12.10  01.11  02.11  03.11  04.11  05.11  07.11  08.11  09.11  10.11  11.11  12.11  01.12  02.12  03.12  04.12  05.12  06.12  07.12  08.12  09.12  10.12  11.12  12.12  01.13  02.13  03.13  04.13  05.13  06.13  07.13  08.13  09.13  10.13  11.13  12.13  01.14  02.14  03.14  04.14  05.14  06.14  07.14 


Monday, October 10, 2011
 
Oracle Database on NFS : Resolving "ORA-27086: unable to lock file - already in use" Error

Some Context

Oracle database was hosted on ZFS Storage Appliance (NAS). The database files are accessible from the database server node via NFS mounted filesystems. Solaris 10 is the operating system on DB node.

Someone forgets to shutdown the database instance and unmount the remote filesystems before rebooting the database server node. After the system boots up, Oracle RDBMS fails to bring up the database due to locked-out data files.

eg.,

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1.7108E+10 bytes
Fixed Size      2165208 bytes
Variable Size   9965671976 bytes
Database Buffers  6845104128 bytes
Redo Buffers    295329792 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 1 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/orclvol4/entDB/system01.dbf'

======================
Extract from alert log:
======================

...
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Fri Aug 05 21:30:54 2011
Errors in file /oracle112/diag/rdbms/entdb/entDB/trace/entDB_dbw0_7235.trc:
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 1 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/orclvol4/entDB/system01.dbf'
ORA-27086: unable to lock file - already in use
SVR4 Error: 11: Resource temporarily unavailable
Additional information: 8
Additional information: 21364
Errors in file /oracle112/diag/rdbms/entdb/entDB/trace/entDB_dbw0_7235.trc:
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 2 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 2: '/orclvol4/entDB/sysaux01.dbf'
ORA-27086: unable to lock file - already in use
SVR4 Error: 11: Resource temporarily unavailable
Additional information: 8
Additional information: 21364
...

Reason for the lock failure:

Because of the sudden ungraceful shutdown of the database, file locks on data files were not released by the NFS server (ZFS SA in this case). NFS server held on to the file locks even after the NFS client (DB server node in this example) was restarted. Due to this, Oracle RDBMS is not able to lock those data files residing on NFS server (ZFS SA). As a result, database instance was failed to start up in exclusive mode.

Workaround

Manually clear the NFS locks as outlined below.

On NFS Client (database server node):

  1. Shutdown the mounted database
  2. Unmount remote (NFS) filesystems
  3. Execute: clear_locks -s <nfs_server_host>

    eg.,

    # clear_locks -s sup16
    Clearing locks held for NFS client ipsedb1 on server sup16
    clear of locks held for ipsedb1 on sup16 returned success
    

On NFS Server (ZFS SA):
    (this step may not be necessary but wouldn't hurt to perform)

  1. Execute: clear_locks <nfs_client_host>

    eg.,

    sup16# clear_locks 10.129.207.93
    Clearing locks held for NFS client 10.129.207.93 on server sup16
    clear of locks held for 10.129.207.93 on sup16 returned success
    

Again back on NFS Client (database server node):

  1. Restart NFS client
        (this step may not be necessary but wouldn't hurt to perform)
    # svcadm -v disable nfs/client
    # svcadm -v enable nfs/client
    
  2. Mount remote/NFS filesystems
  3. Finally start the database

Also see:
Listing file locks on Solaris 10




Thursday, October 06, 2011
 
Siebel Connection Broker Load Balancing Algorithm

Siebel server architecture supports spawning multiple application object manager processes. The Siebel Connection Broker, SCBroker, tries to balance the load (incoming requests) across different object manager processes running in a single Siebel server.

Least Loaded or Round Robin?

By default, SCBroker forwards the incoming request to any object manager process that is least loaded - meaning the process with the least number of running tasks. In Siebel terminology, this behavior is referred as "least-loaded" or "LL" connection forwarding algorithm. While the default LL algorithm provides the optimal behavior in the best case scenarios, it may lead to serious availability problems if one of several object manager prcesses running in a Siebel server stops responding in a timely fashion [for some reason]. Such an object manager may still accept requests though it may timeout. At some point, the unresponsive/hung or erroneous object manager will have the least number of tasks that may prompt SCBroker component to forward new incoming requests to that object manager process - which in turn leads to a stalemate. To avoid such situations, it is recommended to configure "round-robin" or "RR" algorithm in SCBroker component. When round-robin algorithm is configured, SCBroker ignores the number of running tasks per object manager process and routes all requests to all object managers in a round robin fashion.

While both algorithms have their strengths and weaknesses, customers must weigh both options and choose the one that fits best in their deployment.

eg.,

Find the current load balancing algorithm:

srvrmgr>  list advanced param ConnForwardAlgorithm for comp SCBroker show PA_ALIAS, PA_VALUE, PA_NAME

PA_ALIAS              PA_VALUE  PA_NAME                                    
--------------------  --------  -----------------------------------------  
ConnForwardAlgorithm  LL        Connection Forward algorithm for SCBroker

Configure SCBroker to use round-robin algorithm:

srvrmgr> change param ConnForwardAlgorithm=RR for comp SCBroker server SERVER_NAME
Command completed successfully.

srvrmgr> list advanced param ConnForwardAlgorithm for comp SCBroker show PA_ALIAS, PA_VALUE, PA_NAME

PA_ALIAS              PA_VALUE  PA_NAME                                    
--------------------  --------  -----------------------------------------  
ConnForwardAlgorithm  RR        Connection Forward algorithm for SCBroker

Other SCBroker parameters of interest: ConnForwardTimeout and ConnRequestTimeout

Labels:





2004-2014 

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?